Advanced Astrophysics and Planetology

18/04/2017

  • Comparative Planetary Science, Description: 30h
    1. The Solar System : 15h
    2. Formation, inventory and exploration of the solar system: from the dust grains to the gas giants: 4h
    3. Dynamics of the solar system: 1h
    4. Comparative properties of the terrestrial planets: 2h
      • differentiation
      • energy balance
      • surface geology
      • atmospheric diversity and stability
    5. Comparative properties of the gas giants: 2h
      • atmospheric composition and dynamics
      • magnetic fields
      • tidal effects, rings and satellites
    6. Water in the solar system: 1h
    7. Breaking news from space: the latest results from planetary space missions: 3h
    8. The next sample return missions from primitive asteroids, and how they can constrain the origin of the solar system and the emergence of life: 1h
    9. Life on the Earth (and elsewhere?): 1h
  • Exoplanets: 15h
    1. 20 years of exoplanetary discoveries: history and statistics
    2. The new Era of planetology: planet formation, migration and Hot Jupiters
    3. The diversity of exoplanets: from Hot Jupiters to SuperEarth
    4. The next step: Habitability
    5. Laboratory Astrophysics focused on molecular gaseous and solid phase astrochemistry
  • Astrophysics, Description: 30h : Lectures : 24h ; tutorial work : 6h
    1. Exploring the electro-magnetic spectrum (Radio → gamma): 6h
      • limits due to the atmosphere
      • basic radiation mechanisms
      • astrophysical sources
      • collectors, large equipments
      • detectors
    2. Radiation mechanisms and transfer: 6h
      • black body
      • cyclotron / synchrotron
      • free-free
      • transitions
      • basis of radiative transfer (Lambert-Beer, Barbier-Eddington)
      • the spectroscopic information
    3. Interstellar medium. Milky Way : 6h
      • Gas : atomic, molecular, ionized
      • Physical conditions (temperature, density) and processes
      • Dust : size, composition. Energetics.
      • Star formation : collapse, Initial Mass Function
      • Physics : black body, thermodynamical equilibrium, radiative transfer
    4. Galaxies and distant universe : 6h
      • Typology : the Hubble sequence
      • Dynamics
      • Evolution, interactions, stellar formation
      • Structure : clusters, super-clusters, large scale structure
      • Evolution : expansion, first phases (inflation, decoupling, dark ages, deionization, dark matter, dark energy).
      • Physics : Lemaître model
    5. The violent Universe : 6h
      • Compact objects: neutron stars, black hole, pulsars
      • Accretion disks : Active Galactic Nuclei, Young Stellar Objects, X binaries
      • Collapsing stars : gamma bursts
      • Wavelength range : X, gamma ; techniques for collecting and detecting photons, main instruments
      • Hands-on : black hole horizon, temperature