Earth and planetary sciences

18/04/2017

30 h - Lectures (25h), tutorial class (5h)
Planetary sciences: Lectures (17h), tutorial class (3h)
  • ​​The solar system (3h of lectures +1h tutorial class) : general overview, formation scenarios, from planetesimal to planets, planetary migration, definition of planets, dwarf planets and of the different small bodies; Orbits: bound and unboud orbits, Kepler laws, orbital elements, escape velocity , Hill sphere.
  • Planetary photometry & planets (2x2h of lectures +2h tutorial class) : albedo (geometric, bolometric, bond albedo), magnitude, radiance and irradiance, phase angle and illumination conditions effets; energy balance and temperature; internal structure of telluric and giant planets, magnetic fields, surface morphology, impact cratering, surface geology of telluric planets (Mercury, Venus and Mars)
  • Small bodies of the solar system (2x2h of lectures +1h tutorial class) : definition and main orbital and physical properties of asteroids, comets, transneptunians. Mineralogy and composition of the different small bodies, bulk composition and taxonomy, non gravitational forces, study of the different physical processes acting on them (aqueous alteration, space weathering effects); meteorites-asteroids links; some results from Rosetta, New Horizon and Dawn missions on comets-dwarf planets
  • Giant planets and observational methodology (2x2h of lectures +1h tutorial class) : Physical characteristics of the giant planets and of their satellites, of dwarf planets, of planetary rings; Overview of the different observational methods (polarimetry, photometry, spectroscopy, radiometry, stellar occultation, radar, in situ measurements) used to constraint the physical properties (composition, shape, size, albedo, mineralogy, rotational period, surface temperature, radiometric dating) of the Solar system bodies.

Earth sciences: Lectures (8h), tutorial class (2h) (to complete)
  • General introduction to solid Earth
  • The Earth System
  • Basic notions about Atmosphere Thermodynamics and Radiative Transfer
  • Global climate change