SPACETALK #68: Land subsidence induced by underground coal mining

01/06/2022

The Department of Space and Application (DSA) of University of Science and Technology Hanoi (USTH) invites you to come to our 68th seminar.

  • Topic: Land subsidence induced by underground coal mining at Quang Ninh, Vietnam
  • Speaker: Dr. Đặng Vũ Khắc (Hanoi University of Education)
  • Time: 14h00, Thursday, 02/06/2022
  • Venue: Room 702, USTH Building (A21), 18B Hoàng Quốc Việt, Cầu Giấy, Hà Nội
  • Contact: SpaceTalk Team, [email protected], Hien Nguyen | (+84) 337341647
ST68 filepost

Abstract


Land subsidence occurs in Ha Long and Cam Pha cities due to human activities in which the underground coal mining exploitation plays a crucial responsibility. For mapping the spatial distribution of this phenomenon and monitoring its evolution over the time, the Persistent Scatterer Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar (PSInSAR) approach was applied to 56 Sentinel-1A images, captured from June 2015 to June 2019. This approach allows monitoring ground displacement by continuously measuring the position of objects that persistently scatter radar beams. This interferometric synthetic aperture radar (InSAR) technique extracts deformation signals and it can be applied to areas where the discontinuous land subsidence is occurring. The mean land subsidence velocity map shows that two principal areas in Ha Long city including Ha Lam, Ha Trung, Ha Khanh, and Ha Tu wards, and Cam Pha city, specifically Mong Duong ward have been subsided in recent years with the maximum velocity of 14.5 mm year−1 and a cumulative displacement ranging from 30 to 50 mm in the Line Of Sight (LOS) direction over 4 years. Field investigation recognized the direct impact of this phenomenon on houses, infrastructures, and natural features located above the underground coal mining utilities. This hazard has a close relationship with the exploiting process of coal seams, which alternately lay inside the sedimentary layers of the Hon Gai formation.

We are looking forward to welcoming all those who are interested in attending.